Longyearbyen, about 78° 13' North, is Norway's (and the world's) northenmost full time occupied city. (Ny Ålesund Norway at 78° 55' is further North, but is now a scientific research facility as are other camps in Greenland and Canada). In Longyearbyen, there are about 2000 inhabitants, and normal city facilities such as stores, schools, local government, and even a university. The original purpose of the settlement was coal mining. The coal here is near the surface and very high quality.